Alzheimer’s disease (DS) is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys the memory and thinking skills, and eventually the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. It is also the most common form of dementiaa.
Alzheimer’s affect more than 40 million people worldwide and every 4 seconds someone is diagnosed with the disease. It is also the 6th leading cause of death after breast and prostate cancer.
The exact cause of Alzheimer’s is unknown, although a number of things increase your risk of developing the condition. This include:
• Family history of the condition
• Increasing age
• Previous severe head injuries
• Lifestyle factors and conditions associated with cardiovascular disease
Signs and Symptoms
Know the early signs and symptoms to start giving care immediately
1. Misplacing Things and Losing the Ability to Retrace Steps
People with Alzheimer’s disease tend to put things in unusual places. They may lose things and are unable to go back over their steps to find them again. Sometimes, they may accuse others of stealing. This may occur more frequently over time.
2. Changes in Mood and Personality
The mood and personalities of people with Alzheimer’s can change. They can become confused, suspicious, depressed, fearful and anxious. They may get easily upset at work, home, with friends or in places where they are out of their comfort zone.
3. Difficulty Completing Familiar Tasks
People with Alzheimer’s often find it hard to complete their daily tasks. Sometimes, people may have trouble driving to a familiar location, managing a budget at work or remembering the rules of a favourite game.
4. Withdrawal from Work or Social Activities
People with Alzheimer’s may start to withdraw themselves from hobbies, social activities, sports or work projects. They may have trouble keeping up with their favourite activity or sport. They may also avoid being social due to changes they have been experiencing.
If you notice any of the above symptoms in a person immediately seek medical advice.
Alzheimer’s disease cannot be prevented but embracing healthy habits can reduce the risk of cognitive decline.