Check Your Neck | Thyroid Awareness
Are you living with sudden change in Body weight, Hair loss, Depression and anxiety? If Yes then you need to Check your Neck.
It could be Thyroid, as the disease runs in the family. This disease is more prevalent among women, who are three times more likely to be affected by hypothyroidism than men, especially those in the age group of 46-54 years. In pregnant women, thyroid disorders can lead to placental abnormalities and increased risks for the baby's well-being.
So What is Thyroid?
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is normally located in the lower front of the neck. The thyroid gland is made up of lobules and each has smaller cells called follicles which store the hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) which controls the body’s metabolism.. Thyroid hormone helps the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should. Two glands in the brain known as Hypothalamus and Pituitary communicate to maintain the balance of T3 and T4. The Hypothalamus produces TSH that signals the Pituitary to tell the Thyroid gland to produce hormones.
However, due to some diseases, chemical imbalances in the body and abnormal growth in the thyroid gland affects the release of hormones and leads to
• Hyperthyroidism – excessive production of thyroid hormone
• Hypothyroidism – decreased production of thyroid hormone
• Goitre – multiple nodules or swelling in front of neck
Symtoms of Hyperthyroidism
- Weight Loss
- Menstrual Problems
- Shortness of Breath
- Feeling Hot
Symtoms of Hypothyroidism
- Hair Loss
- Increased Weight
- Feeling Cold
- Bowel Problems
- Depressed Feelings
Symtoms of Goitre
- Swelling in the Neck
- Breathing/ Swallowing Difficulties
- Hoarseness of Voice
Diagnosis of thyroid disorders involves several key steps:
- Clinical Evaluation
- Physical Examination
- Blood Test
- Imaging Test
- Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy
Thyroid disorders can be treated by medications or in some cases surgery may be required. Treatment method depends on the type of particular thyroid disorder.
Thyroid disorders can lead to serious health disorders. Being aware, checking your neck and getting tested can help control the hormones level in the early stages.