Passage of red colour urine is not uncommon. Blood in the urine can originate at any point along the urinary tract infection and may represent serious underlying disease. Many people tend to ignore this condition, as they think that it might occur due to spicy food or the hot weather.
What is Hematuria (Blood in Urine)?
Blood in urine is medically known as Hematuria. It is further differentiated into:
• Gross Hematuria – blood visible to the naked eye
• Microscopic Hematuria – detectable only on examination of the urine sediments by microscopy
The urinary tract is the body’s drainage system for removing wastes and extra fluid. The urinary tract includes
• Urinary Bladder
• The Urethra
The male urinary tract has a Prostrate
What are the Symptoms?
Hematuria is itself a symptom of some serious underlying disease. People with gross hematuria have pink, red or brown urine. Even a small amount of blood in the urine can cause it to change colour. In most cases, people with gross hematuria do not have other signs and symptoms.
What are the causes of Hematuria (Blood in Urine)?
In Hematuria the kidneys or other parts of the urinary tract, let blood cells to leak into the urine. A number of problems can lead to this leakage including:
• Tumour or Cancer in Urinary Bladder or Kidney
• Kidney Stones
• Infection in the Bladder, Urethra, Kidney or Prostrate
• Polycystic Kidney Disease
• Injury or Trauma
How is Hematuria (Blood in Urine) Diagnosed?
The presence of blood can be easily diagnosed by routine examination of a sample of urine. Apart from this, the pus cells in urine indicate an infection. A health care professional diagnosis Hematuria with
• Medical History
• Physical Examination
• Blood Tests
• Kidney Biopsy
• Intra-Venous Urography (IVU)
• CT Scan
The tests are recommended depending on the severity of the condition.
How is Hematuria (Blood in Urine) Treated?
Hematuria has no specific treatment. However, health care professional treats Hematuria by treating its underlying cause. This might include taking antibiotics, trying a prescription medication to shrink an enlarged prostate, or shock wave therapy to break up kidney or bladder stones. If no serious condition is causing Hematuria the patient typically does not need any treatment.
Why do you need to see a doctor after noticing Hematuria?
• Disease or cause would be diagnosed early
• Cure would be possible
• You might escape a major surgery
Hematuria (Blood in Urine) is a common symptom often overlooked by patients out of hesitation, negligence or inattentiveness. However, since the cause of Hematuria (Blood in urine) can be as deadly as Cancer or Tumour. It is highly important to get a Medical Check-up as soon as you notice brown, red or pink coloured urine.