Folic Acid!! Many of you must be aware of it but still there are some who do not know exactly what it is. Here we will be explaining you everything about Folic acid.
What is folic acid?
Folic acid is a B-vitamin which is necessary for proper cell growth. One of its main purposes is to prevent major birth defects of the baby’s brain and spine. Folic acid also forms new red blood cells (RBCs) in the body and is responsible for DNA synthesis.
The incidences of severe birth defects are more than 25,000 to 40,000 per year in India.
The number of infants born with genetic disorders and birth defects in India is highest in the world.
Folic Acid Awareness Week is a way to bring the issue of folic acid deficiency to light and educate people about its importance.
What is an adequate amount needed?
For men - 400 micrograms (mcg) per day
For women - at least 400 micrograms (mcg) per day and for pregnant women it is about 600 micrograms (mcg) per day.
What can be done to get Folic Acid daily?
Folic acid is found in a variety of citrus fruits, lentils, dried beans, green leafy vegetables and whole wheat products. To aid in reaching your daily recommended amount consider consuming multivitamins as well.
Symptoms of folic acid deficiency
Along with birth defects, other signs of folic acid deficiency include fatigue, megaloblastic anaemia, diarrhoea, mental confusion and poor growth. People who are at the greater risk for a folic acid deficiency are the ones who consume a lot of alcohol or have some type of absorption impairment.
Benefits of folic acid
Apart from preventing major birth defects, folic acid also aids in proper digestion, repair cells, and tissues, lowers risk of depression, maintains a healthy heart, and prevents certain types of cancer.