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Lung Cancer Explained|Awareness
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Lung Cancer Explained Awareness

Lung cancer is one of the most serious and common types of cancer. In lung cancer there is an abnormal growth of cells in the lungs. These abnormal cells stick together to form a cluster called tumour. Every year more than 1.8 million people fall prey to lung cancer and 1.6 million die. Someone somewhere dies of lung cancer every 30 seconds and survival rate depends on an early diagnosis. The chances of developing lung cancer can be considerably reduced by avoiding certain risk factors like smoking, passive smoking or exposure to harmful chemicals.

Types of Lung Cancer

When the cancer cells first begin growing in the lungs then it is known as primary lung tumour. Gradually they break and travel via blood vessels to bones and grow there and referred to as secondary tumour (metastasis).  There are a number of different types of Lung Cancer, but the two most common ones on the basis of type of cells in which cancer begins are:

  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) - This is most common type and accounts for around 80 per cent of cases.
  • Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) - It is less common type and generally spreads faster than the NSCLC.

The treatments depend upon the type of lung cancer you have.

Signs and Symptoms of Lung Cancer

In the early stages of lung cancer there are usually no signs or symptoms but many people with the condition develop following symptoms eventually:

  • Chronic Coughing
  • Blood in Cough
  • Wheezing Sound
  • Chest & Bone Pain
  • Chest Infections
  • Difficulty Swallowing
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Unexplained Weight Loss
  • Headache

It is recommended to visit your general physician if you have any of these symptoms.

Causes and Risk Factors

As per the research there are several risk factors that may increase your chances of getting lung cancer:

  • Smoking (active & Passive)
  • Occupational exposure to carcinogens
  • Family or personal history of Lung Cancer
  • Air pollution
  • Weakened immune system

Diagnosis and Tests

  • Imagining Tests – CT scans, X-rays, and Radiographs can detect a tumour in the lungs.
  • Sputum Cytology – A microscopic examination might reveal cancerous cells.

Treatment and Therapies

Treatment depends on the size, type, and stage of the tumour and also on the personal health of the patient. In general, there are 3 types of treatment used in the management of Lung Cancer. These are Surgery, Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy.

Prevention

You can help prevent lung cancer by avoiding risk factors and increasing the protective factors.

  • Exercise Regularly
  • Eat a Healthy Diet
  • Quit Smoking

More awareness about lung cancer means early diagnosis and ultimately more lives saved. By being aware you can avoid lung cancer and maintain good health of you vital breathing organs the Lungs!!!

Lung Cancer Explained|Awareness

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