What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Below is the article, and to watch the previous parts of this Video, here're the links:
Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yfvrx-sTlqU
Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-14fGN0P9xA
Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological disorder that affects the Central Nervous System, whichincludes the brain and spinal cord.
Nerves are like wires carrying the information signals to and from the brain, and are covered with a layer called myelin. Myelin surrounds and protects nerve fibers of the brain and spinal cord in the same way as the insulation protects the electrical wires.
What causes Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease and when it occurs, the body’s own immune system begins to attack the myelin of the nerve cells. This weakens or blocks the signals, leading to difficulty in normal brain or spinal cord functioning.
Who gets MS?
MS is a long-term conditionthat primarily strikes people between 20 and 40 years of age. It is also more frequent in females with 2:1 ratio.
What are the symptoms of MS?
Symptoms of MS may vary, depending upon where the damage to the brain tissue has occurred and can range from:
- Blurred or double vision
- Slurred Speech
- Tingling sensations
- Numbness in the limbs
- Unusual Fatigue
- Loss of balance
- Clumsiness or lack of coordination
- Muscle cramps& poor balancing
- Spasms, or
- Problems with bladder functioning
What are the General patterns of MS?
The majority of patients have relapsing –remitting MS, wherein, the disease activity increases, decreases and recovers overtime and attacks happen at irregular time intervals.Eventually, this can develop into the secondary form of the disorder called secondary progressive MS.
What are the ways of Diagnosis of MS?
MS is not always easy to diagnose because early symptoms are common with other CNS disorders. To arrive at a conclusive diagnosis of MS, doctors often look for:
- Evidence of many spots or patches of scar tissue in different parts of CNS in reports through MRI
- Spinal taps or lumbar punctures to check the fluid in the spinal cord
- Blood tests or Cerebrospinal Fluid Tests
What are the Treatment options for MS?
Medications are disease modifying treatments that can help ease the attacks and possibly slow down the disease.
How to live with and manage MS?
Living with MS can be made more manageableand you can reduce the symptoms by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and following these effective tips:
- Eat a healthy and well balanced diet
- Go for physiotherapy as it is helpful in slurred speech, balancing and fatigue problems
- Quit smoking
- Exercise daily
- Avoid hot and humid situations
- Connect with groups forMS people in person and online for emotional support as well as helpful information
To help yourself with best care, tell your neurologist everything about your symptoms and detailed medical history. Keep a notebook about your condition and keep it handy while appointments for easier and effective treatment. With good care and positive attitude, your life shall stay as normal as everybody else’s.