So, your pregnancy is confirmed? Many congratulations!. Well, you have a baby on board, now. It is the time when your body undergoes many changes. Do you know- What are the changes that occur during the first and second week of pregnancy? Knowing them will only make your pregnancy a little more interesting and you will take care of yourself accordingly.
First, let us discuss the changes that occur during development of your baby during the first and second week of pregnancy.
During the first week of pregnancy, the only thing that happens is egg leaves the ovary and moves to the fallopian tubes. Here it is fertilized by sperm. Now the fertilized egg travels into the uterus through the fallopian tubes. And then implantation occurs.
Here is one more interesting thing. Yes, you are not actually pregnant at this time, because conception itself doesn’t happen until about two weeks after your period ends. Actually, when the egg is fertilized, the cells begin to divide over the next seven to ten days.
Do you know what the baby is called during the first week? It’s a blastocyst.
When the blastocyst breaks down, the external part will become the placenta, and the internal part will be the embryo during the second week of pregnancy. If more than one egg gets released and fertilized, multiple zygotes may form. The zygote contains 46 chromosomes, an equal number from each parent, and the chromosomes have genetic material in them that determines the baby’s sex, hair color, features, skin color, height, and eye color.
Now, what are the changes that occur in your body during this time?
- Your body is making lots of hormones during this time for the growth of your baby. Yes, these hormones are responsible for making you little moody or cranky.
- Well, your Breast may get bigger and you may get hurt & tingle.
- You may feel sick to your stomach. Do not worry, this is common and is actually called morning sickness. This can happen at any time of day. Eating crackers & frequent small meals can help.
- You may have craving for some food or you can hate foods you usually like.
- You may feel tired. So, rest as much as you can.
- There can be a dramatic increase in progesterone levels that will make you happy at some times as well as sad sometimes. So, not to worry.
Role of healthy diet during pregnancy-
Now, it’s time to discuss little about diet. Diet can have an impact on your as well as your baby’s health. After all, you are no more single because you are carrying another life too in your womb. So, nourish yourself with a healthy and balanced diet.
Role of Folic acid-
Folate is a vitamin that helps build healthy blood and tissues for you and your baby. Folic acid is a great source of folate and it has a great role to play in your baby’s development. It is better to take Folic acid prior to conception to ensure Healthy spinal cord development in Your Baby. Some women need more folic acid. Talk to your health care provider. Take a prenatal vitamin as well every day.
Food Safety tips-
When you are pregnant, taking extra care of food can maintain your good health. So here are some food safety tips that can help you avoid food poisoning during your pregnancy.
• Wash your hands before, during, and after handling food.
• Wash the skin of all raw vegetables and fruits before eating.
• Cook meat, poultry, fish, and eggs thoroughly.
• Reheat cooked food until steaming hot.
• Always check “best before” dates on food packages. Do not eat the food after the expiry date.
• Eat leftovers stored in the refrigerator within 3 to 4 days.
Precautions to follow-
We all know, taking precautions for anything in life can help us avoid any complications. So, same is the case with pregnancy. It is the stage in which you have to take extra care of not only yourself but your baby as well. Here are some precautions-
What to do?
Follow healthy diet
Eat healthy and balanced diet to fulfill all the nutrient requirements of your body. Remember, a healthy pregnancy requires no more than 500 additional daily calories.
Do regular exercise
Doing regular exercise at home, park or gym will help you stay fit during this time. Yoga and water aerobics are better options.
Do proper rest
Proper rest is a must. Going to bed early at night and taking naps during the day will help calm your mind and body.
Staying positive all the time will help you to keep your mind away from negativities. So stay positive.
Drink enough water
Drinking plenty of water will help to reduce the fatigue, constipation, and edema. So, better you drink enough water.
What not to do?
Say no to junk food
Junk food is never a healthy food. Since it is such an important stage of your life, better stay away from the junk as much as possible.
Say no to smoking and drinking
Smoking and drinking alcohol can affect the mental and physical development of your baby. So quit smoking and drinking right now.
Cut down caffeine
Consumption of enough caffeine can cause premature birth of your baby. So better avoid caffeine.
Avoid sea foods
Seafoods contain a high level of mercury which can, in turn, cause some complications. So better, avoid sea foods.
Avoid hot bath and saunas
Taking hot bath and saunas can affect the normal development of your baby. So avoid hot baths and saunas.