Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the production of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the oxygen-carrying component of red blood cells. This disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia.
Due to this disorder, patients have to get blood transfusions after every two to three weeks. These blood transfusions are done at a hospital and can take anywhere from six to eight hours. After some time, blood cells break down and leave iron in patient’s body. This iron will, later on, bind to the major organs of body such as liver or heart.
- Paleness of the skin
- Poor appetite
- Failure to grow normally
- Severe anemia
- Enlargement of the spleen
Thalassemia is usually diagnosed with the help of blood tests. As they are passed from parents to children through genes, you can’t prevent them. But prenatal tests can detect these blood disorders before birth and your doctor can determine the risk of passing the disorder to your children.
Description for social media post-
Thalassemia, a genetic blood disorder, leads to anemia. Blood transfusions are required every 2 to 3 weeks. So, on World Thalassemia Day, the main goal of indiamedicalhub is to create awareness among people about this lethal disease.